Jennifer E. Smith, Ph.D., Marine Ecologist



Associate Professor
Scripps Institution of Oceanography
Center for Marine Biodiversity & Conservation
University of California, San Diego
9500 Gilman Dr.
La Jolla, CA 92093-0202



My research focuses on understanding how benthic marine communities are structured and how they function under different natural and anthropogenic disturbance regimes.



Ph.D. University of Hawai’i, Manoa, Honolulu, HI, December 2003
Department of Botany & Ecology, Evolution and Conservation Biology
Dissertation Title: Algal Blooms on Coral Reefs: Assessing the impacts of nutrients, herbivores and invasive species on community structure.

B.S. Humboldt State University, Arcata, CA, May 1997
Dual degree in Zoology & Biology



July 2014-Present Associate Professor

Scripps Institution of Oceanography, Ocean Bioscience, Center for Marine Biodiversity and Conservation, University of California, San Diego

July 2008- 2014 Assistant Professor
Scripps Institution of Oceanography, Ocean Bioscience, Center for Marine Biodiversity and Conservation, University of California, San Diego

2005-2008 Postdoctoral Scholar
National Center for Ecological Analysis and Synthesis, University of California, Santa Barbara. Investigating the relative importance of herbivores and nutrients on coral reef community structure

2005 Researcher
Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California, San Diego. Benthic marine ecologist on the Line Islands Research Expedition.

2004-2005 Faculty Researcher
Department of Botany, University of Hawai’i. Investigating the causes and consequences of macroalgal blooms on Maui.



75. Kaplanis, N. J. Harris, J.E. Smith (In Press) Distribution patterns of the non-native seaweeds Sargassum horneri (Turner) C.Agardh and Undaria pinnatifida (Harvey) Suringar on the San Diego and Pacific coast of North America). Aquatic Invasions

74. Smith, J.E., S.A. Sandin, P.S. Vroom, I. Williams, E. Sala, D. Obura, R. Brainard, A. Carter, S. Grillo, C. Edwards, L. Lewis, J. Harris (In Press) Baselines and evidence of human impact on coral reefs across the central Pacific. PRSB

73. Vargas-Ángel B, Richards CL, Vroom PS, Price NN, Schils T, Young CW, Smith, JE, Johnson, MD, Branaird, R. (2015) Baseline Assessment of Net Calcium Carbonate Accretion Rates on U.S. Pacific Reefs. PLoS ONE 10(12): e0142196. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0142196

72. Haas AF, Guibert M, Foerschner A, Co T, Calhoun S, George E, Hatay M, Dinsdale E, Sandin SA, Smith JE, Vermeij MJA, Felts B, Dustan P, Salamon P, Rohwer F. (2015) Can we measure beauty? Computational evaluation of coral reef aesthetics. PeerJ 3:e1390

71. Takeshita, Y., C. A. Frieder, T. R. Martz, J. R. Ballard, R. A. Feely, S. Kram, S. Nam, M. O. Navarro, N. N. Price, and J. E. Smith (2015) Including high frequency variability in coastal ocean acidification projections. Biogeoscience

70. Kram SL, Price NN, Donham Em, Johnson MD, Kelly ELA, Hamilton SL and Smith JE (2015) Variable responses of temperate calcified and fleshy macroalgae to ocean acidification and warming. ICES Journal of Marine Science. Special Issue on Ocean Acidification68. DeMartini, E.E. and J.E. Smith (2015) Effects of fishing on the fishes and habitat of coral reefs. In Ecology of Fishes on Coral Reefs. Cambridge University Press. Pp 135-144.

69. Harris, J.L., L.S. Lewis, and J.E. Smith (2015) Quantifying scales of spatial variability in algal turf assemblages on coral reefs. Marine Ecology Progress Series. doi:10.3354/meps11344

68. DeMartini, E.E. and J.E. Smith (2015) Effects of fishing on the fishes and habitat of coral reefs. In Ecology of Fishes on Coral Reefs. Cambridge University Press. Pp 135-144.

67. Beijbom, O., P.J. Edmunds, C. Roelfsema, J.E. Smith, D.I. Kline, B. Neal, M. Dunlap, V. Moriarty, T. Fan, C. Tan, S. Chan, T. Treibitz, A. Gamst, B.G. Mitchell, D.Kriegman (2015) Towards automated annotation of benthic survey images: variability of human experts and operational modes of automation.

66. Bracken, M. E. S., Hillebrand, H., Borer, E. T., Seabloom, E. W., Cebrian, J., Cleland, E. E., Elser, J. J., Gruner, D. S., Harpole, W. S., Ngai, J. T. and Smith, J. E. (2014), Signatures of nutrient limitation and co-limitation: responses of autotroph internal nutrient concentrations to nitrogen and phosphorus additions. Oikos. doi: 10.1111/oik.01215

65. Lim YW, Cuevas DA, Silva GGZ, Aguinaldo K, Dinsdale E, Smith JE et al. (2014) Sequencing at sea: Challenges and experiences in Ion Torrent PGM sequencing during the 2013 Southern Line Islands Research Expedition. PeerJ PrePrints 2:e433v1

64. Kelly L.W., Williams G.J., Barott K.L., Carlson C.A., Dinsdale E.A., Edwards R.A., Haas A.F., Haynes M., Lim Y.W., McDole T., Smith, JE, et al. 2014 Local genomic adaptation of coral reef-associated microbiomes to gradients of natural variability and anthropogenic stressors. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 111(28), 10227-10232. (doi:10.1073/pnas.1403319111).

63. Johnson, M.J., N.N. Price and J.E. Smith (2014) Contrasting effects of ocean acidification on tropical fleshy and calcareous algae. PeerJ

62. Hamilton S.L., Smith J.E., Price N.N., and Sandin S.A. (2014) Quantifying patterns of fish herbivory on an uninhabited predator-dominated central Pacific coral reef, Palmyra Atoll (USA). Marine Ecology Progress Series  

61. Haas A.F., Smith J.E., Thompson M., Deheyn D.D. (2014) Effects of reduced dissolved oxygen concentrations on physiology and fluorescence of hermatypic corals and benthic algae. PeerJ 2:e235

60. Williams G.J., Price N.N., Aeby G.S., Conklin E.J., Davy S.K., Gove J.M., Knapp I.S., Smith J.E., and Work T.M.  (2014) Ocean warming and acidification have complex interacting effects on the dynamics of a marine fungal disease. PRSB 281: 20133069;

59. Edwards, C.B., A. Green, A. Friedlander, M. Newman, E. Sala, S.A. Sandin, H. Sweatman, I. Williams, J.E. Smith (2014) Global assessment of the status of coral reef herbivorous fishes: Evidence for fishing effects. PRSB 281 (1774), 20131835

58. Haas, A.F., A. Gregg, J.E. Smith, F.L. Rohwer (In Press) Visualization of oxygen distribution patterns facilitated by coral and algae. Peer J

57. Haas, A., F.L. Rohwer, C. Carlson, C. Nelson, L. Wegley, J. Leichter and J.E. Smith (In Press) Influence of coral and alga exudates on microbially mediated reef metabolism. PeerJ

56. Williams, G, J.E. Smith, E. Conklin, J. Gove, S.A. Sandin, E. Sala (2013) Benthic communities at two remote Pacific coral reefs: effects of reef habitat, depth,and horizontal wave energy gradients on spatial patterns. PeerJ 1:e81

55. Smith, J.E., N.N Price, A. Haas (2013) Coupled changes in dissolved oxygen and pH associated with metabolism of bethic reef organisms. Marine Biology 160(9):2437-2447.  doi: 10.1007/s00227-013-2239-z

54. Borer, E.T, M.E S. Bracken, E.W. Seabloom, J.E. Smith, J. Cebrian ,E.E. Cleland, J.J. Elser, W. Fagan, D.S. Gruner, W.S. Harpole, H. Hillebrand, A.J. Kerkhoff, J.T. Ngai (2013) Global biogeography of autotroph chemistry: is insolation a driving force? Oikos

53. Nelson, C.E., S.J. Goldberg, L. Wegely-Kelly, A.F. Haas, J.E. Smith, F.L. Rohwer, C.A. Carlson (2013) Coral and macroalgal exudates vary in neutral sugar composition and differentially enrich reef bacterioplankton lineages. ISME 7: 962-979

52.Mcleod, E., K.R.N. Anthony, A. Andersson, R. Beeden, Y. Golbuu, J. Kleypas, K. Kroeker, D. Manzello, R. Salm, H. Schuttenberg, J.E. Smith (In Press) Preparing to manage coral reefs for ocean acidification: Lessons from coral bleaching. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 11: 20-27. doi:

51. Vermeij, M.A., R.A. van der Heijden, J.G. Olthuis, K.L. Marhaver, P.M. Visser, J.E. Smith (2012) Survival and dispersal of turf algae and macroalgae consumed by herbivorous coral reef fishes. Oecologia 171(2):417-25. doi: 10.1007/s00442-012-2436-3

50. Price, N.N., T.R. Martz, R.E. Brainard, J.E. Smith (2012) Diel Variability in Seawater pH Relates to Calcification and Benthic Community Structure on Coral Reefs. PLoS ONE 7(8): e43843. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0043843.

49. Barott, K. G.J. Williams, M.A. Vermeij, J. Harris, J.E. Smith, F.L. Rohwer, S.A. Sandin (2012). Natural history of competition between corals and algae across a gradient of human activity in the Line Islands of the Central Pacific. MEPS 460: 1-12

48. Choi H., S.J. Mascuch, F.A. Villa, T. Byrum, M.E. Teasdale, J.E. Smith, L.B. Preskitt,  D.C. Rowley, L. Gerwick, W.H. Gerwick (2012)Honaucins A-C, potent inhibitors of eukaryotic inflammation and bacterial quorum  sensing: synthetic derivatives and structure-activity relationships. Biology and Chemistry 19(5): 589-598

47. Dailer, M. L., J.E. Smith and C.M Smith (2012) Responses of bloom forming and non-bloom forming macroalgae to nutrient enrichment in Hawaii, USA. Harmful Algae 17: 111-125

46. Barott, K., B.R. Brito, M. Youle, K. Marhaver, M. Vermeij, J.E. Smith, F.L. Rohwer (2012) Microbial to reef scale interactions between the reef-building coral Montastraea annularis and benthic algae. Proceedings of the Royal Society, Biology doi: 10.1098/rspb.2011.2155

45. Kelly, L. W., K. L. Barott, E. Dinsdale, A. M. Friedlander, B. Nosrat, D. Obura, E. Sala, S. A. Sandin, J. E. Smith, M. J. A. Vermeij, G. J. Williams, D. Willner, and F. Rohwer (2012) Black reefs: iron-induced phase shifts on coral reefs. ISME Journal 6:638-649.

44. Freeman, L., A.J. Miller, R.D. Norris and J.E. Smith (2012) Classification of remote Pacific coral reefs by physical oceanographic environment. JGR117: C02007

43. Hofmann, G.E.,  J.E. Smith, K.S. Johnson, U. Send, L.A. Levin, F. Micheli, A. Paytan, N.N. Price, B. Peterson, Y. Takeshita, P.G. Matson, E. Derse Crook, K.J. Kroeker, E.B. Rivest, C.A. Tanner, P.C. Yu, T.R. Martz (2011) High frequency dynamics of ocean pH: A multi-ecosystem comparison. PloS ONE doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0028983

42. Haas, A., F.L. Rohwer, C. Carlson, C. Nelson, L. Wegley, J. Leichter and J.E. Smith (2011) Effects of coral reef benthic primary producers on dissolved organic carbon and microbial activity. PLoS ONE doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0027973

41. Price, N.P., S.L. Hamilton, J. Tootle and J.E. Smith (2011) Species specific consequences of ocean acidification for the calcareous tropical green algae Halimeda. MEPS 440: 67-78

40. Harpole,W.S., J. Ngai, E. Cleland, E. Seabloom, E. Borer, M. Bracken, J. Elser, D. Gruner, H. Hillebrand, J. Shurin, J.E. Smith (2011) Nutrient co-limitation of plant communities. Ecology Letters 14: 852-862

39. Barott, K.L., B. Rodriguez-Brito, J. Janouškovec, K. Marhaver, J.E. Smith, P. Keeling,  F.L. Rohwer (2011) Microbial diversity associated with four functional groups of benthic reef algae and the reef-building coral Montastraea annularis. Environmental Microbiology 13: 1192-1204

38. Knapp, I.S., L.S. Godwin, J.E. Smith, J.J Bell (2011) Records of non-indigenous marine species at Palmyra Atoll in the US Line Islands. Marine Biodiversity Records. doi: 10.1017/S1755267211000078;Vol 4; e3

37. Smith, J.E. (2011) Invasive Introduced Algae. Encyclopedia of Invasive Species. Edited by Simberloff and Rejamnek. University of California Press.

36.Barott, K.L., Caselle, J.E., Dinsdale, E.A., Friedlander, A.M., Maragos, J.E., Obura, D., Rohwer, F.L., Sandin, S.A., Smith, J.E. & Zgliczynski, B., (2010) The lagoon at Caroline/Millennium atoll, Republic of Kiribati: natural history of a nearly pristine ecosystem. PLoS ONE, 5(6), e10950.

35. Carilli, J., J. Godfrey, R. Norris, S.A. Sandin, J.E. Smith. (2010) Periodic endolithic algal blooms in Montastraea faveolata corals represent periods of low-level stress. Bulletin of Marine Science.

34.McCauley, D.J.,F. Micheli,H. Young,D.P. Tittensor, D.R. Brumbaugh, E. Madin, K.E. Holmes, R. Dunbar, J.E. Smith, H.K. Lotze, and B. Worm (2010) Acute effects of removing large fish from a near-pristine coral reef. Marine Biology 157(12):2739-2750.

33. Smith, J.E., C.L Hunter and C.M Smith (2010) The effects of top-down and bottom-up factors on benthic coral reef community structure. Oecologia 163(2): 497-507

32. Dailer, M.L., Knox, R.S., Smith, J.E., Napier, M., Smith, C. M. (2010) Using delta-15N values in algal tissue to map locations and potential sources of anthropogenic nutrient inputs on the island of Maui, Hawai‘i. Marine Pollution Bulletin 60: 655-671

31. Salomon, A.K., S.K. Gaichas, N.T. Shears, J.E. Smith, E.M.P. Madin, S.D. Gaines (2010) Cascading Consequences of Fishing: Navigating Towards Resilient Marine Ecosystems. Conservation Biology 24: 382-394

30. Choi, H., N. Engene, J.E. Smith, L.B. Preskitt, and W.H. Gerwick (2010) Crossbyanols A-D, Toxic Brominated Polyphenyl Ethers from the Hawaiian Bloom-Forming Cyanobacterium Leptolyngbya crossbyana. Journal of Natural Products 73:517-522

29. Barott, K., J.E. Smith, E. Dinsdale, M. Hatay, S. Sandin, and F.L. Rohwer (2009) Hyperspectral and physiological analyses of coral-algal interactions. PLoS ONE 4(11): e8043. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0008043

28.Braun, C., P.S. Vroom and J.E. Smith (2009) Examination of algal diversity and benthic community structure at Palmyra Atoll, U.S. Line Islands. Proceedings of the 11th Coral Reef Symposium

27. Hillebrand, H., D.S. Gruner, M.E. Bracken, E.E. Cleland, J.J. Elser, W.S. Harpole, J.T. Ngai, E.W. Seabloom, J.B. Shurin, J.E. Smith (2009) Herbivore metabolism and stoichiometry each constrain herbivory at different organizational scales across ecosystems. Ecology Letters 12: 516-527

26. Smith, J.E., Kuwabara, J. Coney, J. Flanagan, K., Beets, J., Brown, D. Stanton, F., Takabayashi, M. duPlessis, S. Griesemer, B.K., Barnes, S., Turner, J. (2009) An unusual cyanobacterial bloom in Hawaii. Coral Reefs 27: 851

25. Vermeij, M.J.A., J.E. Smith, S.A. Sandin, C.M. Smith (2009) Survival and settlement success of coral planulae: synergistic and independent effects of macroalgae and microbes. Oecologia 159(2):325-336

24. Smith, J.E., et al. (2008) An unusual cyanobacterial bloom in Hawaii. Coral Reefs 27(4):851

23. Smith, J.E., H. Spalding, R. Okano & C. M. Smith (2009) Seaweed communities of Molokai. In An Atlas of Molokai’s Marine Ecosystems. USGS publication.

22. Gruner, D.S., J.E. Smith, E.W. Seabloom, S.A. Sandin, J.T. Ngai, H. Hillebrand, W.S. Harpole, J.J. Elser, E.E. Cleland, M.E.S. Bracken, E.T. Borer & B.M. Bolker (2008) A cross-system synthesis of consumer and nutrient resource control on producer biomass. Ecology Letters 11: 740-755.

21. Sandin, S.A., J.E. Smith, E.E. DeMartini, E.A. Dinsdale, S.D. Donner, A.M. Friedlander, T. Konotchick, M. Malay, J.E. Maragos, D. Obura, O. Pantos, G. Paulay, M. Richie, F.L. Rohwer, R.E. Schroeder, S. Walsh, J.B.C. Jackson, N. Knowlton, E. Sala (2008) Changes in coral reef communities across a gradient of human disturbance. PLoS ONE

20. Smith, J.E., E.J. Conklin, C.L. Hunter, C.M. Smith (2008) Response to “Fighting alien algae in Kane’ohe Bay”. Science 319: 157-158.

19. Elser, J.J., M.E. Bracken, E.E Cleland, , D.S Gruner, W.S. Harpole, Hillebrand, H., J.T. Ngai, E.W. Seabloom, J.B. Shurin, J.E. Smith (2007) A global analysis of nitrogen and phosphorus limitation of primary producers in freshwater, marine, and terrestrial ecosystems. Ecology Letters 10: 1135-1142.

18. Williams, S.L. and J.E. Smith (2007) A global review of the distribution, taxonomy & ecological impacts of introduced seaweeds. Annual Review of Ecology Evolution and Systematics 38: 327-359.

17. Diaz-Pulido G., McCook L.J., Larkum A.W.D., Lotze H.K., Raven J.A., Schaffelke B., Smith J.E., Steneck R.S. (2007) Vulnerability of macroalgae of the Great Barrier Reef to climate change. Marshall PA, Johnson J (Ed) Climate change and the Great Barrier Reef. Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority, Townsville, pp 153-192.

16. Hillebrand, H., D.S. Gruner, M.E. Bracken, E.E. Cleland, J.J. Elser, W.S. Harpole, J.T. Ngai, E.W. Seabloom, J.B. Shurin, J.E. Smith (2007) Plant community structure and ecosystem productivity regulate the intrinsic control of plant diversity across major ecosystem types. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 104: 10904-10905.

15. Smith, J.E., M. Shaw, R.A. Edwards, D. Obura, D., O. Pantos, E. Sala, S. A. Sandin, S. Smriga, M. Hatay, F.L. Rohwer (2006) Indirect effects of algae on coral: algae-mediated, microbe-induced coral mortality. Ecology Letters 9: 835-845.

14. Schaffelke, B., J.E. Smith & C.L. Hewitt (2006) Introduced macroalgae- a growing concern. Proceedings of the International Seaweed Symposium. Journal of Applied Phycology 18: 529-541.

13. Zuccarello, G.C., A.T. Critchley, J.E. Smith & J.A. West (2006) Systematics and genetic variation in commercial Kappaphycus and Eucheuma (Solieriaceae, Rhodophyta). Proceedings of the International Seaweed Symposium. Journal of Applied Phycology 18: 643-651.

12. Zemke-White, W.L. and J.E. Smith (2006) Environmental impacts of seaweed farming in the tropics. In: Editors A.T. Critchley, M. Ohno and D.B. Largo, World Seaweed Resources: An authoritative reference system.

11. Vroom P, L. Walters, K. Beach, J. Coyer, J.E. Smith, M. Abgrall, D. Byron, K. DeAngelis, B. Konar, J. Liss, R. Okano, C. Roberts, L. Herren, M. Woo, C.M. Smith et al. (2005) Hurricane-induced propagation and rapid regrowth of the weedy brown alga Dictyota in the Florida Keys. Florida Scientist 68(3):161-174

10. Smith, J.E., J.W. Runcie and C.M. Smith (2005) Bloom dynamics and physiological ecology of the invasive green alga Cladophora sericea on West Maui. Marine Ecology Progress Series 302: 77-91.

9. Conklin, E.J. and J.E. Smith (2005) Increases in abundance and development of management options for the invasive red alga Kappaphycus in Kane’ohe Bay, Hawai’i. Biological Invasions 7: 1029-1039.

8. Friedlander, A. , G. Aeby, E. Brown, A. Clark, S. Coles, S. Dollar, D. Gulko, C. Hunter, P. Jokiel, J.E. Smith, B. Walsh, I. Williams and W. Wiltse (2005) The Status of the Coral Reef Ecosystems of the Main Hawaiian Islands. In The Status of the Coral Reef Ecosystems of the United States and Pacific Freely Associated States: 2004.

7. Smith, J.E., C. Smith, P. Vroom, K. Beach, S. Miller (2004) Nutrient dynamics of the green alga Halimeda tuna on Conch Reef, Florida Keys: possible influence of internal tides on nutrient status and physiology. Limnology and Oceanography. 49(6): 1923-1936.

6. Smith, J.E., R. Most, T. Sauvage, C. Hunter, C. Squair and E. Conklin (2004) Ecology of the invasive red alga Gracilaria salicornia in Waikiki and possible mitigation strategies. Pacific Science 58(2) 325-343.

5. Vroom, P.S., C.M. Smith, J.A. Coyer, L.J. Walters, C.L. Hunter, K.S. Beach, J.E. Smith (2003) Field biology of Halimeda tuna (Bryopsidales, Chlorophyta) across a depth gradient: comparative growth, survivorship, recruitment, and reproduction. Hydrobiologia 501(1): 149-166.

4. Runcie, J.W. and J.E. Smith (2003) Introduction to special issue: Nutrient dynamics in coastal ecosystems-linking physical and biological processes. Journal of Marine Systems 42(3-4): 81-82.

3. Smith, J.E., C.L. Hunter and C.M. Smith (2002) Distribution and reproductive characteristics of nonindigenous and invasive marine algae in the Hawaiian Islands. Pacific Science 56(3): 299-315.

2. Vroom, P. S., J.E. Smith and C.M. Smith (2001) Observations of reproduction in Rhipidosiphon javensis (Halimedineae, Bryopsidales) in Hawai’i. Phycologia 40(1): 97-100.

1. Smith, J.E., C.L. Hunter and C.M. Smith (2001) The effects of herbivory and nutrient enrichment on benthic community structure and development on a Hawaiian Reef. Coral Reefs 19: 332-342.



Smith, J.E. (2006) Algal blooms on Maui. A final report to the City and County of Maui and the Environmental Protection Agency. 75 pp.

Smith, J.E. (2003) Factors influencing the formation of algal blooms on tropical reefs with an emphasis on nutrients, herbivores and invasive species. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Hawai’i, Manoa, 425 pp.

Coles, S.L., R.C. DeFelice, J.E. Smith, D. Muir & L.G. Eldredge (1998) Determination of baseline conditions for introduced marine species in near shore waters of the island Kaho‘olawe, Hawai‘i. Bishop Museum Technical Report No. 14.




National Science Foundation: Ocean Acidification: Collaborative Research: Quantifying the potential for biogeochemical feedbacks to create ‘refugia’ from ocean acidification on tropical coral reefs


California Sea Grant: Response of calcified and fleshy macroalgae to warming and ocean acidification: from single species to community interactions


The Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation: Understanding the effects of Ocean Acidification on near pristine coral reefs in the central Pacific, Palmyra Atoll


Comparative Analysis of Ecosystem Organization (CAMEO) Jointly Funded by the National Science Foundation (NSF) and NOAA


Department of Education: Consortium for Higher Education for Marine Sciences from Brazil to San Diego


The Moore Family Foundation: Understanding reef productivity across a gradient of natural and anthropogenic disturbances in the Line Islands


National Science Foundation. Biological Oceanography. Collaborative Research: ETBC: The coupling between DOM, algae, and microbes on coral reef platforms


Various private donors including the WWW Foundation, the Ellen Browning Scripps Foundation, the Scripps Family Foundation and the Nature Conservancy to study remote reefs of the central Pacific


National Center for Ecological Analysis and Synthesis, UCSB funded by NSF



2008-2012 Henry L. & Grace Doherty Career Development Award $100,000
Early career development award to foster a successful research program

2006 Best Paper for Junior Scientists $150
International Society for Reef Studies (ISRS) Conference, Bremen, Germany

2005-2008 Postdoctoral Fellowship~$45,000/yr
National Center for Ecological Analysis and Synthesis, funded by NSF

2004 Invited Participant of the Dialog Symposium
Doctoral Initiatives for the Advancement of Limnology and Oceanography Graduates, Dauphin Island Sea Laboratory, AL, Organized by ASLO & AGU

2003 Best Paper in Conservation & Ecology $200
Mia Tegner Award, Western Society of Naturalists, Long Beach, CA

2003 Coastal America Partnership Award, NOAA
For development and implementation of a community-based management program for the control and removal of invasive algae from Hawai’i’s reefs

2003 Best Paper Award $1,000
Harold C. Bold Award, Phycological Society of America, OR

2002 ARCS Award $5,000
Achievement Rewards for College Scientists for outstanding predoctoral research

2000 Best Paper Award $1,000
Albert L. Tester Symposium, University of Hawai’i

1996-1997 Scholarship $600
Howard Hughes Medical Institute (HHMI)

1995-1997 Presidential Scholar
Humboldt State University, Arcata, CA



2009 Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California, San Diego.
SIO 138-The Coral Reef Environment (4 units)
SIO 278 Current topics in Coral Reef Ecology (2 units)
SIO 278 Marine Conservation Biology (2 units)
SIO 182/283 Phycology: Biology & Ecology of Marine Plants (6 units)
SIO 136 Marine Biology Field Methods (6 units)
Guest Lectures in: Benthic Ecology, Biological Oceanography, Marine Organisms

1998-2008 Faculty Member, Lecturer, University of Hawai’i, Hilo.
Participated as a faculty member, lecturer and safety SCUBA diver in a team-taught intensive coral reef ecology field course (Quantitative Underwater Ecological Surveying Techniques); taught general coral reef ecology, phycology, experimental design, statistics; supervised and advised students in the classroom and in a remote field setting.

1997-1998 Graduate Teaching Assistant, University of Hawai’i.
Biology 101: Introductory Biology, Botany 101: Introductory Botany, Botany 362: Plant Taxonomy and Systematics



2015     The Royal Geographic Society, London, UK, Special Symposium– Turning the tide: Coastal communities and conservation

2015     University of Amsterdam, Netherlands Invited Seminar

2014     Jeffrey B. Graham Perspectives on Ocean Sciences Lecture Series, Birch Aquarium, SIO

2013 University of California, Santa Barbara
2013 Florida International University
2012 Georgia Tech,  Teasley Symposium organized by Mark Hay
2012 Moss Landing Marine Labs
2010 San Diego State University, Biology
2010 University of California, Los Angeles, Ecology, Evolution and Behavior
2010 National Invasive Species Awareness Week, Washington DC
2009 University of California, San Diego, Ecology, Behavior and Evolution Seminar
2008 Scripps Institution of Oceanography, UCSD, Marine Ecology Seminar
2007 Ecological Society of America, San Jose, CA
2007 Society for Conservation Biology, Special Session on the Effects of Predator Removal on Ecosystem Structure and Function, South Africa
2007 Biological Sciences Seminar Series, Humboldt State University
2007 Scripps Institute of Oceanography, Marine Biology Seminar Series
2006 Coral Reef Discussion Group, San Diego State University
2006 Ecology, Evolution and Marine Biology Seminar, UC Santa Barbara
2006 John and Mary Louise Riley Seminar Series, Bodega Marine Lab, UC Davis
2005 National Center for Ecological Analysis and Synthesis, UC Santa Barbara
2004 Seminar Series, Department of Botany, University of Hawai’i
2004 Plenary Lecture co-authored with Britta Scheffelke and Chad Hewitt, Invasive Seaweeds, International Seaweed Symposium, Bergen, Norway
2004 World Aquaculture Society, Honolulu, HI,
2003 Keynote Address for the University of Hawai’i Marine Option Program Graduation
2003 Hawai’i Aquatics Conference
2002 Coordinating Group on Alien Pest Species: Hawai’i State Capitol Auditorium, Honolulu, HI
2002 United States Aquatic Nuisance Species Task Force Meeting, Honolulu, HI
2001 Hawai’i Department of Land and Natural Resources, Honolulu, HI



2014 Ocean Sciences (Price, Johnson, Brainard, Takehashi, Furby)
2013 WSN (Gleason, Kram, Price, Harris, Lewis)
2012 International Coral Reef Symposium, Cairns, Australia (11 papers presented from my lab)
2012 Western Society of Naturalists, Monterey CA (8 papers presented by my lab)
2009 International Marine Conservation Congress, Washington DC
2008 International Coral Reef Symposium, FL
2006 Western Society of Naturalists, Tacoma, WA
2006 International Society for Reef Studies, Bremen, Germany
2006 American Society of Limnology & Oceanography Ocean Sciences Meeting, Honolulu, HI
2005 Western Society of Naturalists, Monterey, CA
2004 Western Society of Naturalists, Sonoma, CA
2004 DIALOG (Dissertation Initiatives for the Advancement of Limnology and Oceanography), Dauphin Island Sea Lab, AL
2004 13th International Aquatic Invasive Species Conference, Ireland
2004 10th International Coral Reef Symposium, Okinawa
2003 Western Society of Naturalists, Long Beach, CA
2003 Annual Meeting of the Phycological Society of America, Oregon
2003 3rd International Marine Bioinvasions Conference, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, La Jolla, CA
2002 American Society of Limnology & Oceanography Ocean Sciences Meeting, Honolulu, HI
2001 7th International Phycological Congress, Thessaloniki, Greece
2001 25th Annual Albert L. Tester Symposium. Univeristy of Hawai’i
2001 9th International Coral Reef Symposium, Bali, Indonesia
1999 International Conference on Scientific Aspects of Coral Reef Assessment, Monitoring, and Restoration: Ft. Lauderdale, FL



2015-2017 Elected Member, Board of Directors; American Academy of Underwater Sciences, Chair Scholarships Committee

2010-PRESENT ASSOCIATE EDITOR; Proceedings of the Royal Society, Biology

2008-2010 BOARD MEMBER; Society for Conservation Biology, Marine Section and co-organizer of the 1st International Marine Conservation Congress

Trophic Structure Across Systems. Principal Investigators: Dan Gruner, Helmut Hildebrand and Jon Shurin


Led seminars and workshops for numerous venues including the Birch Aquarium, Scripps REU program, Sailor’s for the Sea, the Pacific Voyagers, Hawai’i State Capitol & Legislature, Waikiki Aquarium, Northwestern Hawaiian Islands Education Center, Hawai’i Department of Land and Natural Resources, Hawai’i Environmental Protection Agency, the Coordinating Group on Alien Pests, Department of Agriculture, Hanauma Bay Educational Center, National Marine Sanctuary 



Environmental Protection Agency, Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Science Foundation, National Undersea Research Center

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, PLoS ONE, Ecology Letters, Ecology, Trends in Ecology and Evolution, Limnology and Oceanography, Microbial Ecology, Aquatic Ecology, Marine Ecology, Journal of Phycology, Bulletin of Marine Science, Estuarine and Coastal Shelf Science, Coral Reefs, Hydrobiologia, Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, Marine Biology, Marine Ecology Progress Series, Marine Pollution Bulletin, Aquatic Botany, Botanica Marina, Cryptogamie Algologie



Posdoctoral Scholars:
Nichole Price, Andreas Haas
PhD: Emily Kelly, Jill Harris, Levi Lewis, Maggie Johnson, Abigail  Canon, Michael Fox
Masters: Amanda Carter, Clinton Edwards, Susan Kram, Samantha Clements, Molly Gleason, Dan Conelly
Undergraduates: Mentored over 30 undergraduate volunteers and summer interns

 Ben Grupe, PhD, Brian Zgliczynsky, PhD, Melissa Garren, PhD, Ayana Johnson, PhD, Steve Smriga, PhD, Shelia Walsh, PhD 2009, Joshawna Nunnery, PhD, Lauren Frank, PhD, Jefferson Hinke, PhD, Niclas Engene, PhD

San Diego State University: Katie Barott, PhD, Linda Wegley, PhD
University of Hawaii: Cheryl Squair, PhD




Litigation Consultant, Waste Management Hawaii and Waste Management, Inc., Waimanalo Gulch Sanitary Landfill, HI.

Served as expert witness for Waste Management of Hawaii, Inc. (Defendants) regarding health of coral reefs around a discharge point in criminal matter alleging violations of the Clean Water Act. Provided expertise on the potential and realized environmental impacts of a flood involving the sanitary landfill on the island of Oahu and the potential impacts to the offshore coral reefs. Result: Settlement was reached in favor of the Defendants and all felony counts were dropped.


Litigation Consultant: Earthjustice, Honolulu, HI

Served as an expert witness for several non-profit organizations including Surfrider Foundation (Plaintiffs) who sued the city and county of Maui in violations of the Clean Water Act in relation to municipal sewage discharge via underground injection wells on west Maui. I provided expertise on the potential and realized impacts of wastewater on the coral reef communities at Kahekili Beach that were in contact with injected wastewater that was emerging through the reef. Result: Ongoing; Settlement discussion initiated by defendants



Dr. Celia Smith, Phone: (808) 956-6947 or (808) 227-1186, Email:
Professor, University of Hawai’i, Manoa, Department of Botany,
3190 Maile Way, Honolulu, HI 96822

Dr. Susan L. Williams, Phone: (707) 875-2211, Email:
Director, Bodega Marine Laboratory, University of California at Davis
P.O. Box 
247, Bodega Bay, CA 94923-0247

Dr. Forest Rohwer, Phone: (619) 594-1336, Email:
Associate Professor, San Diego State University, Department of Biology
Campanile Drive, San Diego, CA 92182-4614

Dr. Lawrence McCook, Email:
Senior Manager, Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority Research and Monitoring Coordination
2-68 Flinders Street, P.O. Box 1379, Townsville, 
Queensland 4810, Australia

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